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What Is Biodynamic Agriculture?

Trend alert: biodynamic farming spreads to coffee

Biodynamics is an approach to farming, planting, livestock, and nutrition that is holistic, ecological, and ethical. The work of philosopher and scientist Dr Rudolf Steiner, whose 1924 lectures to farmers opened a new way to combine scientific knowledge with a recognition of spirit in nature, is the Biodynamics foundation.

Since the 1920s, Biodynamics has continued to grow and evolve thanks to many farmers’ and researchers’ efforts. Thousands of flourishing gardens, farms, vineyards, ranches, and orchards around the world practice biodynamics. Biodynamic principles and practices are used wherever food is grown, with careful consideration of size, environment, climate, and culture. Continue on Amos Avis for reviews on biodynamic farming and farmers in France.

Like other sustainable methods, Biodynamics stresses the use of manures and composts while avoiding synthetic (artificial) fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides on soil and plants. The biodynamic approach differs by its treatment of livestock, crops, and soil as a single system, a focus on local production and distribution systems from the start, and the use of traditional and new local breeds and varieties. Astrological sowing and planting calendar is used in some scenarios.

For compost additives and field sprays, biodynamic agriculture uses various herbal and mineral additives prepared using techniques that are more analogous to sympathetic sorcery than agronomy. Some of these include burying ground quartz stuffed into a cow’s horn, which is said to extract “cosmic powers in the soil.”

There has been no scientific evidence of a disparity in beneficial outcomes between accredited biodynamic agricultural methods and similar organic and integrated farming practices. Because of its dependence on esoteric wisdom and magical practices, biodynamic agriculture has been called a pseudoscience due to a lack of clear scientific evidence for its efficacy. Here are some of the unique attributes of biodynamic, and you can as well check more on Naturalia

A living organism is a biodynamic farm.

Each biodynamic farm or garden is a living, integrated organism. Many interdependent elements make up this organism: fields, woods, plants, livestock, soils, manure, people, and the area’s spirit. Biodynamic farmers and gardeners work to cultivate and harmonize these components, balancing them holistically and dynamically to help the whole’s health and vitality. Biodynamic farmers often strive to listen to the soil, sense what it may want to say, and grow and evolve their farm as a unique individuality.

Biodynamics fosters biodiversity

The biodiversity of natural habitats and the beauty of each landscape inspire biodynamic farms and gardens. Plant diversity is enhanced by annual and perennial crops, herbs, flowers, berries, fruits, nuts, grains, hay, forage, native plants, and pollinator hedgerows, which all contribute to the farm organism’s health and resilience. Domestic animal diversity is also advantageous, as each animal species has a different relationship with the land and produces another type of manure. Starting with a few primary crops and animal species (even as small as earthworms), the diversity of plant and animal life can be produced over time.

Plants and animals come together in Biodynamics

Plants and animals function together in natural environments to fill complementary positions in the web of life. Many traditional and organic farms focus solely on growing crops or raising livestock, which may be more productive in specific ways but leads to imbalances such as nutrient deficiency (if only growing plants) or contamination from excess manure (if only raising animals). Plants, livestock, and soil are brought together in biodynamic farms and gardens by living, mindful relationships so that they all sustain and balance the whole.

Farmers who practise biodynamic farming cultivate knowledge.

Biodynamic farming encourages us to engage in a deliberate and imaginative dialogue with nature. We build intimate relationships with our unique farm species and extend our capacities for observation, reflection, and imagination by watching, sensing, and listening to the soil. Biodynamics isn’t a set of rules or a group of instructions. Our capacity to work creatively with the complexities of the land and broader bioregion to bring the farm organism’s vibrancy to full expression is strengthened by cultivating knowledge.